Saturday, January 3, 2009

The Diabetic Diet Plan - How diabetics calculation calories and plan

The Diabetic Diet Plan Analysis of Diabetes - Treatment Of Diabetes

The Diabetic Diet Plan There are several aspects in the treatment of diabetes, anniversary one with a actual important role.

The mainstays of Diabetes treatment are:

1. The Diabetic Diet Plan Working appear accepting ideal physique weight

2. Afterward a diabetic diet

3. Regular exercise

4. Diabetic medication if needed

Note: Type 1 Diabetes accept to be advised with insulin. This involves injecting insulin beneath the derma for it to work. Insulin cannot be taken as a bolus because the digestive juices in the abdomen would abort the insulin afore it could work. Scientists are searching for new means to accord insulin. But today, shots are the alone method. There are, however, new methods to accord the shots...Insulin Pumps are now getting broadly acclimated and abounding humans are accepting abundant results. A new page on insulin pumps will be on band soon.

Working appear accepting ideal physique weight.

An appraisal of ideal physique weight can be affected application this formula:

For women:
Start with 100 pounds for 5 anxiety tall. Add 5 pounds for every inch over 5 feet. (If you are beneath 5 feet, decrease 5 pounds for anniversary inch beneath 5 feet). This will accord you your ideal weight.

If you accept a ample frame, add 10 percent.

If you accept a baby frame, decrease ten percent.

( A acceptable way to adjudge your anatomy admeasurement is to attending at your wrist admeasurement compared to added women's)

Example: a woman who is 5' 4" alpine and has a ample frame.

100 pounds + 20 pounds (4 inches times 5 pounds per inch) =120 pounds.

Add 10% for ample anatomy (in this case 10% of 120 pounds is 12 pounds).

120 pounds + 12 pounds = 142 pounds ideal physique weight.

For men:

Start with 106 pounds for a acme of 5 foot. Add 6 pounds for every inch aloft 5 foot. For a ample frame, add 10%.

For a baby frame, decrease 10 percent. (See aloft for added details).

The Diabetic Diet Plan

Diet is very important in diabetes. There are differing philosophies on what is the BEST diet but below is a guideline with some general principles.

Patients with Type 1 diabetes should have a diet that has approximately 35 calories per kg of body weight per day (or 16 calories per pound of body weight per day). Patients with Type 2 diabetes generally are put on a 1500-1800 calorie diet per day to promote weight loss and then the maintenance of ideal body weight.. However, this may vary depending on the person's age, sex, activity level, current weight and body style. More obese individuals may need more calories initially until their weight is less. This is because it takes more calories to maintain a larger body and a 1600 calorie diet for them may promote weight loss that is too fast to be healthy. Men have more muscle mass in general and therefore may require more calories. Muscle burns more calories per hour than fat. (Thus also one reason to regularly exercise and build up muscle!) Also, people whose activity level is low will have less daily caloric needs.

Generally, carbohydrates should make up about 50 percent of the daily calories ( with the accepted range 40-60 percent). In general, lower carbohydrate intake is associated with lower sugar levels in the blood. However the benefits of this can be cancelled out by the problems associated with a higher fat diet taken in to compensate for the lower amount of carbohydrates.. This problem can be improved by substituting monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats for saturated fats.

Most people with diabetes find that it is quite helpful to sit down with a dietician or nutritionist for a consult about what is the best diet for them and how many daily calories they need. It is quite important for diabetics to understand the principles of carbohydrate counting and how to help control blood sugar levels through proper diet. Below are some general principles about the diabetic diet.

Understanding Aliment Groups

There are three basal aliment groups: fats, proteins and carbohydrates. The carbohydrates are the foods that can be torn down into sugar. It is capital to accept all three aliment groups in your diet to accept acceptable nutrition.

1. Why calculation carbohydrates?

Carbohydrate makes your claret glucose akin go up. If you apperceive how abundant carbohydrate you've eaten, you accept a acceptable abstraction what your claret glucose akin is traveling to do. The added carbohydrates you eat, the college your claret amoroso will go up.

2. Which foods accommodate carbohydrate?

Most of the carbohydrate we eat comes from three aliment groups: starch, bake-apple and milk. Vegetables aswell accommodate some carbohydrates, but foods in the meat and fat groups accommodate actual little carbohydrate. Sugars may be added or may be by itself present (such as in fruits). The comestible appellation for sugars can aswell be articular by searching for -ose at the end of a chat ( i.e. glucose, fructose, sucrose, etc. are all sugars). Attending for these on aliment labels to advice analyze foods that accommodate sugar.

Below are some examples of carbohydrate grams for some accepted aliment items:



Carb grams



Carb grams

1 % fat milk

1 cup


yogurt fruited

1 cup


Bran Chex

2/3 cup


yogurt fruit

1 cup


Frosted Flakes

3/4 cup


Raisin Bran

3/4 cup


fruit juice

1/2 cup



1 slice






1 tsp.


pancake syrup

2 Tbsp.


pancakes - 4



low-fat granola

1/2 cup


sugar-free syrup

2 Tbsp.


To accomplish things easy, abounding humans activate carbohydrate counting by rounding the carbohydrate bulk of milk up to 15. In added words, one confined of starch, bake-apple or milk all accommodate 15 grams carbohydrate or one carbohydrate serving. Three servings of vegetable aswell accommodate 15 grams. Anniversary meal and bite will accommodate a specific absolute bulk of grams of carbohydrate.

For example: Anniversary gram of carbohydrate provides 4 calories. A diabetic on a 1600 calorie diet should get 50% of these calories from carbohydrate. This would be a absolute of 800 calories or 200 gms of carbohydrate (at 4 calories per gram) advance out over the day. At 15 grams per exchange, this would be about 13 exchanges of carbohydrate per day.

The bulk of aliment you eat is anxiously accompanying to claret amoroso control. If you eat added aliment than is recommended on your meal plan, your claret amoroso goes up. Although foods absolute carbohydrate (carb) accept the a lot of appulse on claret sugars, the calories from all foods will affect claret sugar. The alone way you can acquaint if you are bistro the appropriate bulk is to admeasurement your foods carefully. Also, it is important to amplitude your carbohydrates out throughout the day to abstain amoroso "loading." Measuring your claret amoroso consistently aswell provides important acknowledgment on how top your amoroso went based on what you ate and your akin of activity.

Where do you get carbohydrate information?

The "Nutrition Facts" characterization on a lot of foods is the best way to get carbohydrate information, but not all foods accept labels. Your bounded bookstore and library accept books that account the carbohydrate in restaurant foods, fast foods, accessibility foods and beginning foods. You will still charge to counterbalance or admeasurement the foods to apperceive the bulk of grams of carbohydrates present.

How do you calculation carbohydrate?

Carbohydrates can be counted in bulk of grams or can be counted as exchanges. One carbohydrate barter equals 15 grams of carbohydrate. A acceptable advertence for acquirements how to calculation calories in this address will be on band here

soon including a calorie computer.

Free Foods:

These are foods that you can eat after counting. A chargeless aliment or drink is one that contains beneath than 20 calories and 5 grams or beneath of carbohydrate per serving. If your confined or a aliment contains added than 5 grams of carbohydrate, you should calculation it in your meal plan.

Examples of chargeless foods:

* Bouillon or broth

* Carbonated or mineral water

* Club soda

* Coffee or tea

* Diet bendable drinks

* drink mixes, sugar-free

* Tonic water, amoroso free

* Sugar-free harder candy

* Sugar-free Jell-O

* Sugar-free gum

* Jam or jelly, ablaze or low-sugar, 2 tsp.

* Amoroso chargeless syrup, 2 tsp.

You should advance out chargeless foods throughout the day and not eat them in one sitting.

Fitting Amoroso in Your Meal Plan

It is frequently anticipation that humans with diabetes should abstain all forms of sugar. A lot of humans with diabetes can eat foods absolute amoroso as continued as the absolute bulk of carbohydrate (carb) for that meal or bite is consistent. Abounding treatment studies accept apparent that commons which accommodate amoroso do not accomplish the claret amoroso acceleration college than commons of according carbohydrate levels which do not accommodate sugar. However, if the sugar-containing meal contains added carb, the claret amoroso levels will go up.

Does this beggarly I can eat block and not anguish about it?

No! A allotment of white block with amber icing ( 1/12 of a block or 80 gram weight) will accord you about 300 calories, 45 grams of carb and 12 grams of fat. That is three starch servings and over 2 fat servings. Afore you accept a allotment of cake, ask yourself the afterward questions: Will that baby section of block be acceptable or will I still be hungry? How it will fit into my meal plan? Do I accept 300 calories to "spend" on this? Are there added choices I could accomplish which would accord beneath fat? A 1/12 allotment of angel aliment block has beneath than 1 gram of fat and alone 30 carb. This may be a bigger choice.

Controlling all carbohydrates

It is important to apprehend that amoroso is not the alone carbohydrate that you accept to "control". The physique will catechumen all carbohydrates to glucose - so bistro added servings of rice, pasta, bread, bake-apple or added carbohydrate foods will accomplish the claret amoroso rise. Just because something doesn't accept amoroso in it doesn't beggarly you can eat as abundant as you want. Your meal plan is advised so that the carbohydrate agreeable of your commons charcoal as constant as accessible from day to day.

A chat of caution:

Although amoroso does not could cause the claret amoroso to acceleration any college than added carbohydrates, it should be eaten forth with added healthy foods. If you accept to drink a 12 ounce can of a sugar-sweetened bendable drink, that would use up about 45 grams carb - and you wouldn't accept gotten any diet (protein, vitamins or minerals). What a decay of calories! Top amoroso foods are added concentrated in carb. Accordingly the aggregate would be abate than a low amoroso food. Top amoroso foods ability not be a acceptable best if they will just allure you to eat more. If you would rather eat beyond portions, baddest low amoroso choices. Attending at the differences in allocation admeasurement you get for according amounts of carbohydrate in these cereals!


Frosted Flakes

Corn Flakes


Puffed Wheat

1/4 cup

1/3 cup

3/4 cup

1 cup

1 1/4 cup

In addition, abounding sugar-containing foods aswell accommodate a lot of fat. Foods such as cookies, pastries, ice chrism and cakes should be abhorred abundantly because of the fat agreeable and because they don't accord abundant comestible value. If you do wish a "sweet" - accomplish a low-fat choice, such as low-fat arctic yogurt, gingersnaps, fig confined or graham absurd and acting it for addition carbohydrates on your meal plan.

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